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180 Massacres on Land and at Sea

As the Russo-Japanese War reaches its climax, its conclusion has dramatic implications for Bulgaria and the Balkans. It also triggers a wave of bloody revolution across Russia. In Macedonia, the aftermath of the Zagoritsa massacre leads to a wave of bloody actions against the country's Greek population as well.





Major Characters in this Episode

Vice Admiral Rozhestvensky

Tsar Nicholas II

Sultan Abdülhamid II

Vice Admiral Rozhestvensky

Racho Petrov


Timeline for this Episode

  • 1905 May 26th - Battle of Tsushima Straights shocks the world.

  • 1905 June 1-4th - Emergency congress of the Serres revolutionary district.

  • 1905 June 10-30th and Aug - Congress of the Salonica revolutionary district.

  • 1905 July 3rd - Bulgarian-Serbian customs treaty.

  • 1905 Aug - Congress of the Struma revolutionary district at the Ograzhden mountain.

  • 1905 Oct - Congress of the Internal Org at the Rila monastery. Their name is changed to Macedonian-Odrin Revolutionary Organization (ВМРО).

  • 1905 Dec 6th - Anarcho-liberals, lead by Georgi Bakalov, Nikola Harlakov, and Ruben Avramov, are expelled from БРСДП.

  • 1905 Dec 14th - The Gate accepts the Great Power’s project for financial reforms in Macedonia following the naval demonstration of their combined navy (Nov 26th).

  • 1905 Dec 31st - Official census of the population.

  • 1905 throughout the year - Bulgarian Posts purchased the first automobile for the servicing of the capital.

  • 1905-6 First Roma political congress.

  • 1906 Jan 24th - The whole thing with Evlogi Georgiev’s inheritance, the guy being sued by the family/the government

  • 1906 Jan - A student group adjacent to the Democratic Party is organized.

  • 1906 March 7th - Law for helping government employees who are disabled or ill.

  • 1906 March 10th - The newspaper Мир uncovers corruption in the Bulgarian army, done by gen. Racho Petrov and the military minister gen. Mihail Savov (the Charles-Jean affair).

  • 1906 March 13th, Apr 3rd and 10th - Anti-Greek meetings in Balchik, Varna, Plovdiv, Sofia, and Tarnovo against the collection of funds to fight the MRO.

  • 1906 Apr 3rd - Turkish troops defeat Anastas Yankov’s detachment near Melnik. Yankov is murdered.

  • 1906 May - The Varna port opens.

  • 1906 June 3rd-July 4th - Varna residents don’t allow the new Greek vladika Neofitos to disembark at the ports at 3 separate occasions and they take over the Greek churches in the city. Racho Petrov ultimately refuses to confirm the Bishop.



A map showing the route taken by Russian flotillas to reach the Battle of Tsushima Straits
A map showing the route taken by Russian flotillas to reach the Battle of Tsushima Straits

Damage to an Italian-built Japanese cruiser
Damage to an Italian-built Japanese cruiser

Barricades erected in Moscow as a part of the 1905 Russian Revolution
Barricades erected in Moscow as a part of the 1905 Russian Revolution

Bulgarians opposing the disembarkation of a Greek Bishop in Varna with a donkey mocking the Patriarchate
Bulgarians opposing the disembarkation of a Greek Bishop in Varna with a donkey mocking the Patriarchate

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