162 An Heir and the Fall of Stambolov

Bulgaria sees fundamental shifts as the long reign of Stefan Stambolov comes to an end, a son and heir to the throne is born, and a new organization is born in Macedonia signaling the beginning of a new stage of the struggle for that land.


Major Characters in this Episode

Stefan Stambolov

Ferdinand Saxe-Coburg-Gotha

Princess Maria Luisa

Crown Prince Boris

Dame Gruev

Ivan Hadzhinikolov

Dr Hristo Tatarchev

Colonel Savov

Colonel Racho Petrov Panayot Slavkov


Timeline for this Episode

  • 1893 Oct 17th - Petitions for workers’ rights are filed to the 7th National Assembly from Gorna Oryahovitsa, Sofia, Shumen, and Tarnovo.

  • 1893 Oct 23rd - During a session in Thessaloniki Damyan Gruev, dr Hristo Tatarchev, Ivan Hadzhinikolov, Peter Poparsov, Andon Dimitrov, and Hristo Batandjiev found the Internal Revolutionary Organization in Ivan Hadzhinikolov’s quarters.

  • 1893 Nov 5th - Knyaz Alexander I dies. He is buried in Sofia on Nov 14th.

  • 1893 Nov 18th - The railroad from Sofia to Pernik is opened.

  • 1893 Dec 23rd - Башева поправка (Basheva amendment) to the law of the press.

  • 1893 throughout the year - The Knyazheska zoo, the first one in Eastern Europe, opens for visitors. A poll by the Agrarian Department of the Ministry of Agriculture determines the existence of 39 sowing machines in the country. (’Sowing’ as in ‘sowing a field’) literacy rates: 24% of men and 6.5% of women were literate, so about 15.5% of all 3.3 million Bulgarians were literate.

  • 1894 in the beginning of the year - Second meeting of the founders on the Вътрешна организация in Solun. They take on the name Macedonian Revolutionary Organization and dr. Hristo Tatarchev is elected chairman. They institute a rulebook for inner order and a charter.

  • 1894 Jan 18th - The heir Boris Tarnovski is born at 7:15 am (the 30th by new style)

  • 1894 Feb 10th - A unification protocol between БСДП and БСДС. БРСДП is formed.

  • 1894 April 14th - Under pressure from the Bulgarian government, with the support of England and Astro-Hungary, berats for the Bulgarian bishops in Nevrokop and Veles are issued and an irade for the moving of the seat of the Exarchy from Orta kyoi to the prestigious Tsarigrad neighborhood Pera.

  • 1894 in the beginning of May- The Young Macedonian Group is restored in Sofia with the magazine “Лоза” as its organ. The Macedonian youth center is founded. On the 29th of December they elect a 5-member Macedonian committee.


The Mausoleum of Alexander Battenberg today
The Mausoleum of Alexander Battenberg today

The inside of the Mausoleum of Alexander Battenberg
The inside of the Mausoleum of Alexander Battenberg

The young crown prince Boris in 1894
The young crown prince Boris in 1894

One of the founders of the MRO, Dr Hristo Tatarchev
One of the founders of the MRO, Dr Hristo Tatarchev

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