108 The Greek War of Independence

Following Serbia's successful revolt, the Greeks no see whether they can overcome the Ottoman military and Europe's newfound anti-revolutionary conservatism to gain their independence. Meanwhile, new wealth, stability, and writings are laying the groundwork for the Bulgarian National Revival.



Major Characters in this Episode

Sultan Mahmut II

Mohammad Ali

Tsar Alexander I of Russia

Tsar Nicholas of Russia

Klemens von Metternich

Ali Pasha of Ioannina

Petar Beron


Timeline for this Episode

  • 1821-30, Greek war of independence (Hundreds of Bulgarian volunteers take part)

  • 1821-1823 Ottoman-Persian War

  • 1823, Treaty of Erzurum

  • Early 1824, clashes between Bulgarians and the Greek clergy in Vratsa

  • 1824, Peter Beron published a textbook in Brasov (in Austrian controlled Transylvania) which introduces the Bell-Lancaster mutual learning method into Bulgaria

  • 1824, Sultan Mahmut II in 1824 invites Muhammad Ali Pasha to intervene in Greece

  • 1825, death of Tsar Alexander I, ascension of the reactionary Tsar Nicholas I



Attacks on Greeks in Constantinople

Tsar Nicholas I of Russia

Petar Beron, the author of the first modern secular book written in vernacular Bulgarian

Beron's Primer