As the Europeans attempt to pull together an alliance for another anti-Ottoman Crusade and a second Ottoman-Venetian war comes into play, can the European Powers set aside their differences?
Major Characters in this Episode:
Vlad IV Călugărul
Radu the Great
Sultan Bayezid II
Stefan II Crnojević
Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I
Stephen the Great
Shah Ismail I
Timeline for this episode:
1494, Buyuk Mosque was constructed in central Sofia
1494, A new three year truce is signed between Poland and the Ottomans in April. Despite this, the Poles begin preparations for an attack on the Ottoman-controlled Black Sea ports recently under Moldavian control.
February 1495, Cem Sultan dies in Naples
1495, A three year truce is made between Hungary and the Ottomans, it was asked for by Bayezid because of his concerns over advancing French forces in Italy. It seems not to have applied to Croatia.
1495, minor civil war in Hungary over Vladislaus being called an ox by a noble angry over new taxes imposed on him, he led a small campaign there and brought the man to heel.
1495, Vlad IV Călugărul dies and is succeeded by his son Radu the Great
1496, Stefan II Crnojević becomes the ruler of Zeta after he betrays his brother Đurađ Crnojević to the Ottomans for attempting to organize an anti-Ottoman coalition. Đurađ responds by proposing that he become an Ottoman vassal but maintain his position. The local Ottoman bey responds by invading Zeta, forcing Đurađ to flee to Venice. Stefan now becomes nominally the lord of Zeta, but he’s really an Ottoman puppet they use to more easily conquer the region.
1496, Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I expels all Jews from several Austrian provinces
1497, siege of Suceava, followed by the Battle of the Cosmin Forest
Spring 1498, Stephen the Great invades southern Poland along with Ottoman and Tatar forces
Summer 1498, the Tatars invade Poland again
July 20, 1498, Vladislaus, Stephen, and John Albert make an Anti-Ottoman alliance in Krakow
1499, The Principality of Zeta is dissolved and turned into the Sanjak of Scutari
1499-1503 the Second Ottoman Venetian War (during this time, John Corvinus helps fight the Ottomans in Bosnia)
August 1499, Battle of Zonchio
1500, the Battle of Modon
November-December 1500, A Venetian-Spanish army takes an Ottoman fortress on an Ionian island
1500, Đurađ returns to Zeta, and is invited to come to Constantinople where he gives up any possibility of ruling Zeta and in return is given an estate in Anatolia
1500, a Sunni military group arising out of Anatolia, Syria, and the Caucasus called Qizilbash defeat a far larger Aq Qoyunlu force, establishing the Safavid Empire in 1501
1501, Vladislaus signs an alliance with Venice whereby Venice agrees to pay an annual sum to Hungary of 30,000 Florins in peace years and 100,000 Florins in war years
1501, John Albert of Poland dies at age 41
1501, Stephen the Great attacks the Ottomans but again fails to retake Chilia or Cetatea Albǎ.
In 1502, Meñli I Giray defeated the last khan of the Great Horde, which put an end to the Horde's claims on Crimea
1502, armistice ends the fighting in the Ottoman-Venetian war
1503, an Ottoman raiding party reaches Northern Italy, further worrying Venice and pushing it to negotiate a worse treaty
1503, Peace treaty ends the Ottoman-Venetian war (with Hungary as well) Hungary loses some Bosnian castles
October 9th 1503, Duke of Lithuania signs a 5 year peace with the Ottomans